The Korean Cedar Pine is native to eastern Asia, North East China, far eastern Russia, Korea and central Japan. The forests now cover approximately 2.88 million ha, a vastly reduced area. The Korean Cedar Pine is a large tree with long green or purple cones which ripen to brown 18 months after pollination.
Although they are under threat from illegal logging, Korean cedar pine are far more valuable as living trees than hewn timber. Local villagers depend on the pine nuts for their livelihoods. Under its canopy lives ginseng
, which is also harvested by local communities.
Wild boar (sus scrofa
) forage for pine nuts, and in turn are the main prey for the Amur tiger (Panthera tigris altaica)
and Amur leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis)
. Also found in these forests are brown bear
, asiatic bear