Giant panda | WWF
	© / Edwin Giesbers / WWF

Giant panda

The giant panda is perhaps the most powerful symbol in the world when it comes to species conservation.

Adored around the world, the distinctive black and white animal is a national treasure in China and has been the symbol of WWF since its formation in 1961.

While its numbers are slowly increasing, the giant panda remains one of the rarest and most endangered bears in the world.

Learn more about this amazing species!

About the Panda: Conservation and solutions:
	© / Eric Baccega / WWF
Clic to discover the results of the last panda survey in China
© / Eric Baccega / WWF

Fast facts

  • 1,864 wild giant pandas were counted during a 2014 survey
  • An adult panda can weigh about 100-150kg and grow up to 150cm long
  • Pandas feed for up to 14 hours a day and can eat up to 38kg of bamboo
  • When born, a panda cub is just 1/900th the size of its mother
  • Pandas are good swimmers and excellent tree climbers
  • Habitat loss and fragmentation are major threats
Giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). Sichuan, China. 
	© /Juan Carlos Munoz / WWF
  • Common name

    Giant Panda (En); Panda Géant (Fr); Panda gigante (Sp);

  • scientific name

    Ailuropoda melanoleuca

  • habitat

    Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests of Southwest China

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  • status


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  • population

    1,864 in the wild (2014)

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  • did you know?

    That the panda cub is 1/900th the size of its mother

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  • height

    Upto 150cm for adults

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Love Giant Pandas?

	© Susan A. Mainka / WWF
Giant panda eating bamboo in Sichuan province
© Susan A. Mainka / WWF

Emblem of global biodiversity

After decades of effort, wild panda numbers are rising, but there are still only 1,864 spread across 20 pockets of bamboo forest. And the remaining pandas still face a number of threats, particularly habitat loss and fragmentation.

But the Chinese government is committed to conserving the species and its habitat, and has already drastically increased the number of panda reserves.

WWF has been active in giant panda conservation since 1980, and is continuing to support the government's efforts to give the species more room to feed and breed.

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	© Susan A. Mainka / WWF
Pandas playing in Sichuan province
© Susan A. Mainka / WWF

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