Toliara Reef systemThe Toliara Reef system is the third largest coral reef system in the world and extends over 400 km along the southwest coastline of Madagascar. The reef system is made up of a wide variety of habitats and considered to be an area of high biodiversity (more than 6,000 species recorded so far). This system supports the traditional and artisan fisheries that villages distributed along the coast, depend almost entirely on for food security and as a source of income. Due to the aridity of the climate, low agricultural production and increasing migration to coastal areas, marine resource utilisation is growing placing intensive pressure on the reef ecosystem. Other factors such as sedimentation, warmer sea temperatures, cyclones and coral bleaching events also combine to threaten its health.
The southwest marine program’s objective is to improve the sustainable management of marine resources through local involvement in research and natural resource management, the adoption of locally defined social conventions known as dina; the development of sustainable, alternative livelihood options; and eventually the creation of a network of Marine Protected Areas.
Living alongside the Vezo fishermen and their families in Befasy, was an invaluable and rewarding experience. We were able to become immersed in the daily routines of the village and form friendships and working relationships with our WWF counterparts, neighbours, the school and the local community groups. The combination of interesting work in an amazing setting, with people who are so friendly and warm, means that you can’t help but absorb it all!
Check out our video!
Experiences from Befasy, September-December 2009. Sustainable Management of Marine Resources, Toliara Coral Reef System