United Kingdom

The United Kingdom in an island nation surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, the Irish Sea to the west, the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. These waters are home to whales, dolphins, seals, sharks, deep-sea fish and cold-water corals. Today, however, many of these species are threatened by overfishing, shipping traffic and marine pollution.

On land, the UK is home to hundreds of bird species as well as small mammals such as fox, hare and deer. But many of the country’s forest habitats are threatened by development, deforestation and air pollution.
 / ©: C. Gomersall / WWF-UK
Following the breach of the sea wall on Blackwater Estuary, UK, saltmarsh is now regenerating fast on what was previously agricultural land.
© C. Gomersall / WWF-UK
Energy and Water
  • UK residents can get a free home energy check from The Energy Saving Trust to make their homes more energy efficient.
  • All UK tap water is safe to drink. London tap water can sometimes appear cloudy; this is just excess air which disappears in a few minutes.
 
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Recycling
  • Most towns and cities in the UK offer services to recycle paper, bottles, cans, plastic, batteries, computers and just about everything else. Find out what to recycle and where at: www.recyclenow.com.
 
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Transport
  • Take in more of Britain’s countryside for long weekend breaks and cut out those short haul flights to Europe.
  • Travelling in and around the UK by train or ship is easy.
  • London’s Underground is the best way to get about the city.
  • Vehicles which drive within a clearly defined zone in central London between 07:00 and 18:00, Monday to Friday, have to pay an £8 daily Congestion Charge. The charge aims to reduce traffic congestion and improve journey times by encouraging people to choose other forms of transport if possible. Find out more: http://www.tfl.gov.uk/roadusers/congestioncharging
  • London plans to start a bike hire scheme in London to help reduce traffic congestion and to clean up the air.
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Food
  • Many towns and cities have local farmers’ markets where you can purchase fresh produce direct from the farms (www.farmersmarkets.net).
  • Many stores offer a local organic box scheme to get good quality fruit and vegetables delivered to your door (www.vegboxschemes.co.uk).
  • Purchase Marine Stewardship Council certified fish to ensure you are buying fish from sustainable sources.
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Green Spots
  • Lake District National Park: Famous for its lakes and mountains, the park includes England’s highest mountain, Scafell Pike, and the deepest lake, Wastwater.
  • Scottish Highlands: One the most scenic regions in Europe, the highlands – the part of Scotland north-west of the Highland Boundary Fault – is home to the legendary Loch Ness monster.
  • Snowdonia National Park: Located in North Wales, the park is the only place in Britian where the Snowdon lily, an arctic alpine plant, and the rainbow coloured Snowdon beetle are found.
  • Giant's Causeway: Ireland’s only UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Giant’s Causeway is famous for its spectacular coastline and layers of basalt rock.
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Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the above information. However, WWF makes no warranties, expressed or implied, regarding errors or omissions and assumes no legal liability or responsibility for loss or damage resulting from its use.
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