A small, landlocked country in the heart of Europe, Switzerland is all about mountains. Most of Switzerland is composed of a mountainous plateau bordered by a large part of the Alps on the south and southeast, and by the Jura Mountains on the northwest. The rest of the country is covered with rolling hills, plains, lakes and rivers.
Animal life in Switzerland varies according to elevation. Marmot and ibex inhabit the alpine regions, while deer and fox are found in the lower forested regions. Although hunted to extinction in the 19th century, brown bears, wolves and lynx are starting to be found again in very small numbers.
Switzerland faces a number of environmental threats, including habitat fragmentation and biodiversity loss. The country is also particularly threatened by climate change, which is contributing, in some places, to the recession of glaciers.