Sweden is a long and narrow country consisting mainly of flat plains, lowlands, lakes and forests. To the west, where the Scandinavian mountain range (Skanderna) runs along the border with Norway; Mt Kebne (2132m) is the country’s highest mountain. To the East, the Baltic Sea is unique with its brackish water. Bears, wolves, lynx, moose, elk and deer are some of the larger animal species found in the forest and mountain regions.
About 15% of Sweden lies north of the Arctic Circle. Along Sweden’s coast, chopped up by bays and inlets, are many islands and archipelagos. These waters are home to seals, porpoises, cold-water corals and many other marine species.
Although known for its pristine wilderness and clean air, Sweden faces a number of environmental problems, including marine pollution, particularly excessively high nutrient levels in the Baltic Sea, acidification of lakes and land, and air pollution.