Spanning almost 10,000 kilometres from its western border in Europe to the Pacific Ocean in the east, Russia is the largest country in the world in area, with vast stretches of wilderness and diverse habitats.
Extensive plains cover most of Russia’s territory in the south, with the northern part covered in tundra. Mountain ranges are found along the southern borders, such as the Caucasus. The Ural Mountains form a north-south range that divides Europe and Asia. The country also has an extensive coastline of over 37,000 kilometres, and thousands of rivers and inland bodies of water, including Lake Baikal, which contains over one-fifth of the world’s fresh surface water.
Despite such a vast territory, air and water pollution, deforestation, climate change, habitat loss and the unsustainable use of natural resources are endangering the country’s rich wildlife, which includes such species as Siberian tigers, Far East leopards, polar bears, brown bears, wolves and others.