Norway is a mountainous country, with nearly one-third of the country lying north of the Arctic Circle. This northern part of the country is known as the Land of the Midnight Sun as the sun shines day and night in the summer months. Svalbard Archipelago in the Arctic Ocean is the northernmost part of Norway. Here, one finds polar bears, walruses and reindeer.
In the southern parts of the country, the forests are home to elk, red and roe deer, badger, fox, lynx and wolf. Many of the lakes contain several species of fishes such as trout, salmon and char. Norway also has a very long coastline dotted with thousands of fjords and islands. These cold waters off the North Atlantic Ocean contain coral reef, minke whales, seals, orcas and many other marine species.
Despite its relatively pristine environment, Norway suffers from water pollution and air pollution from car emissions.