Located in southeastern Asia, Malaysia is an island nation that forms a part of the Malay Peninsula to the west and part of the island of Borneo to the east. The South China Sea separates both areas.
Most of the country is marked by coastal plains and mangrove forests and densely forested hills and mountains; Mt Kinabalu on the island of Borneo is the highest peak at 4095m. On the Malay Peninsula, species include gaur, tapir, elephants and tigers. The northern part of Borneo has orang-utans, proboscis monkeys and pygmy elephants.
Deforestation is a major environmental problem facing the country as well as air pollution from industrial waste and car emissions and water pollution from raw sewage. Landslides, flooding, and smoke and haze from Indonesian forest fires have also been a problem.