Just off the southeast coast of China, Hong Kong is made up of a number of islands. Hong Kong Island and Kowloon are the largest territories and home to the majority of the population. Much of Hong Kong’s territory is hilly to mountainous; 40% of the remaining land area is reserved as country parks and nature reserves.
Although Hong Kong is a small, developed territory, one still finds wildlife, including snakes, lizards, frogs, butterflies and birds. At sea, Hong Kong’s waters are home to numerous species of coral, green turtles and the endangered Chinese white dolphin and finless porpoise.
Hong Kong’s waters were once abundant with marine life but today the marine environment is suffering from pollution, development and overfishing. Air pollution, mainly contributed by motor vehicles and power plants, is another serious problem that is affecting local wildlife and public health.