Norway | WWF


Norway is a mountainous country, with nearly one-third of the country lying north of the Arctic Circle. This northern part of the country is known as the Land of the Midnight Sun as the sun shines day and night in the summer months. Svalbard Archipelago in the Arctic Ocean is the northernmost part of Norway. Here, one finds polar bears, walruses and reindeer.

In the southern parts of the country, the forests are home to elk, red and roe deer, badger, fox, lynx and wolf. Many of the lakes contain several species of fishes such as trout, salmon and char. Norway also has a very long coastline dotted with thousands of fjords and islands. These cold waters off the North Atlantic Ocean contain coral reef, minke whales, seals, orcas and many other marine species.

Despite its relatively pristine environment, Norway suffers from water pollution and air pollution from car emissions.
Sealoch anemone (Protanthea simplex) in the "Selligrunnen", a protected cold-water coral ... 
	© WWF / Erling SVENSEN
Sealoch anemone (Protanthea simplex) in the "Selligrunnen", a protected cold-water coral reef in the Trongheimsfjorden, Norway.
© WWF / Erling SVENSEN

Country Eco-tips

Energy and Water
  • Hydropower provides nearly all of Norway’s electrical power, even though Norway is one of Europe’s main producers of gas and oil.
  • Drinking water throughout Norway is very safe; Oslo’s tap water is among the cleanest in the world.
[Back to top]
  • In Norway, about 92% of all cans and 82% of plastic bottles are returned.
  • Containers can be returned at most supermarkets and gas stations; 2.50 Norwegian Kroners for large cans, glasses and plastic bottles.
  • Norway’s national collection and recycling programme for electronic equipment is El Retur. Consumers can return their waste free of charge to the place where they purchase new equipment, or they can dispose of it at local municipal collection points.
[Back to top]
  • Norway’s rail network, NSB, serves most cities (even as far north as Bodø, near the Lofoten Islands).
    The bus network is more extensive and will allow you to reach towns and villages that are not covered by the rail system.
  • Getting around Oslo by bike is also cheap and easy. Oslo is one of the first cities to offer a public bike share programme. Through Bysykkel Oslo, bikes are available at a large number of stations around the city.
  • Most coastal towns are served by ferries, catamarans and hydrofoils.
    Oslo, the capital, has bus, rail, metro and tramway services.
[Back to top]
  • The biggest farmer’s market in Oslo is on Markveien Street. Here one can find many organic and traditional foods and other products.
[Back to top]
  • Reindeer farming is an important business in northern Norway. Souvenirs and products made from reindeer are widely available and legal.
[Back to top]
Green Spots
  • Jotunheimen National Park: Located 350km north of Oslo, this park – translated as Home of the Giants – includes 250 peaks above 1900m, including the country’s highest mountain, Galdhopiggen (2469m). The area is also known for its waterfalls, rivers, lakes and glaciers. Wildlife includes reindeer, elk, deer, wolverines and lynx.
  • Hardangervidda National Park: Located about 200km west of Oslo, this is the largest national park in Norway and the largest mountain plateau in northern Europe. It is home to the largest wild reindeer herds in Europe and is also the southernmost area of Norway to host many arctic plants and animals, including arctic fox and snowy owl.
  • Western Norwegian Fjords: Situated in southwestern Norway, Geirangerfjord and Nærøyfjord (about 120km from one another) are part of the west Norwegian fjord landscape. The two fjords, among the world’s longest and deepest, are both UN World Heritage sites.
  • Sør-Spitsbergen National Park: Located in the Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard in the Arctic Ocean, this park is home to seals, walruses and polar bears. Large areas are covered with glaciers and permanent snow and ice.
[Back to top]
Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the above information. However, WWF makes no warranties, expressed or implied, regarding errors or omissions and assumes no legal liability or responsibility for loss or damage resulting from its use.

Subscribe to our mailing list

* indicates required
Donate to WWF

Your support will help us build a future where humans live in harmony with nature.

Enter Yes if you accept the terms and conditions
Enter Yes if you accept the terms and conditions