Australia is the world’s driest inhabited continent. Despite the extensive arid and desert areas that cover most of the country, there are a wide range of diverse habitats. In the north are rainforests and vast plains, in the southeast are snowfields, and fertile croplands are found in the east, south and southwest.
Because of its isolation, Australia has developed an incredibly unique collection of wildlife, including iconic species like kangaroo, koala, wombat, platypus and birds such as the emu and kookaburra. As a country surrounded by the Indian, Southern and Pacific oceans, Australia’s coastal marine habitats range from coral reefs to seagrass plains to giant kelp forests.
Climate change and drought are among the most pressing environmental problems facing Australia as well as deforestation, overfishing, pollution and invasive species.