Scientific name: Gadus morhua
Local names: Atlantic cod, bacalao, cabillaud, Dorsch, kabeljau, kabeljauw, morue, skrei, treska, torsk, turska
Main markets: Western Europe accounts for 70–80% of the world cod market, with the UK being Europe’s largest importer and consumer. Cod, together with the similar whitefish pollock and hake, accounts for one-third of all seafood imports into the EU.
Main commercial products: Fresh, chilled, or frozen whole fish; fresh, chilled, frozen, salted, dried, or smoked fillets; frozen processed fillets (e.g., fish sticks, ready made dinners); salted cheeks; liver oil; smoked or frozen roe
Fishing grounds: Throughout the species’ range in the North Atlantic Ocean
European fleets*: Norway, Iceland, Russia, Faeroe Islands, Denmark, Spain, UK, Germany, Poland, Sweden, France, Portugal, Latvia, Lithuania, Belgium, Netherlands, Estonia, Ireland, Finland, Isle of Man, Channel Islands
* in order of landings in 2004, largest to smallest; countries in bold accounted for 77% of the total catch.
Fishing methods: Primarily bottom otter trawls and midwater trawls; also handlines, cod traps, gillnets, longlines, Danish seines, purse seines, twin beam trawls, shrimp trawls, jiggers, and pound nets