Timber fencing is often made of larch, a rare species in the European part of Russia and often protected.
Illegal and uncontrolled cutting of larch is a major issue all over Russia. Overall illegal logging rates have reached 27% in the north-west of Russia and 50% in the Russian Far East.
Russia loses approximately US$1 billion per year to illegal logging and trade, which in turn restricts money available for good harvesting practices, communities and development.
Bad practices put wildlife in Russia's boreal forests - such as the Siberian tiger and the Far Eastern leopard - at high risk.