Mexico Watershed Management Programme

Geographical location:

Latin America/Caribbean > Central America > Mexico

North America > North America > USA / United States of America

3 Core Wathersheds for Mexican Watershed Program
© WWF Mexico

Summary

The project aims to promote Mexico’s ratification of the United Nations (UN) Convention on the Law of Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses. The convention was supported by Mexico at the time of its introduction to the UN general assembly.

The project focuses on identifying key issues and experts. Based on these activities, a strategy will be developed and the convention promoted among key individuals and institutions.

Background

The UN convention was passed by an overwhelming majority in the UN general assembly in 1997, with Mexico being one of the 38 original co-sponsors of the convention and presenting the resolution on behalf of the other co-sponsors. Mexico emphasized that the convention was an important step in the codification of international water law and that it would contribute to improve the collaboration and communication between countries of international watercourses.

However, despite this support, Mexico still has not ratified the convention and there is currently little awareness of the convention in Mexico.

Due to the lack of existing watershed agreements on Mexico’s Southern border and the prevalence of water disputes and water scarcity on its Northern border, the UN convention could be a valuable instrument to address transboundary water issues.

Objectives

Promote Mexico’s signature of the UN Convention on the Law of Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses.

Specifically:

- Identification of issues and experts.

- Identification of the institutional and political context in relation to the convention in Mexico.

- Promotion of the convention through lobbying efforts with key individuals and institutions.

Solution

The project seeks to gather historical information as well as existing points of view on the convention. Based on the current issues that are identified, an analysis was performed on how the convention is likely to affect existing watershed agreements and water disputes. Furthermore, contact was made with key individuals and institutions to promote the convention.

Achievement

Progress to date includes a preliminary investigation, identification of associated issues and experts, preparation of an informative brief of the UN Convention in Mexico, lobbying, and a final report.