Yosemite National Park, USA
Yosemite National Park was established 1 October 1890 to ensure the preservation of its natural grandeur and beauty for future public enjoyment. It is the United States 3rd oldest national park. Noted most for its waterfalls, it is also recognized internationally for its spectacular granite cliffs, deep valleys, grand meadows, clear streams, giant sequoias, and biological diversity.
Where & Area
It is covers an area of 1200 sq miles on the Western Slopes of the Sierra Nevada mountain range in California. The park ranges from 600 m (2,000 ft) above sea level to more than 4,000 m (13,000 ft) above sea level!
Yosemite National Park is a showcase of spectacular geological features, including the greatest concentration of granite domes in the world and the largest exposed granite monolith in the world. It has 3 major attractions: the alpine wilderness, the 3 groves of giant sequoias (the largest trees on earth) and the Yosemite Valley, which is known as the ‘incomparable valley’ and is probably the world’s best example of a glacier carved canyon.
Yosemite National Park provides a natural abode to various alpine species, including American black bear, California bighorn sheep, golden eagle, great grey owl, coyote, mule deer, and peregrine falcon.
It was inscribed in UNESCO's World Heritage List in 1984 as a model of the major stages in the Earth’s evolutionary history and for its biological values.