Ngorongoro Crater

African elephant (<i>Loxodonta africana</i>) herd grazing, Ngorongoro Crater, Lorai ... rel=
African elephant (Loxodonta africana) herd grazing, Ngorongoro Crater, Lorai Forest, Tanzania.
© WWF-Canon / Frederick J. WEYERHAEUSER

The Natural Amphitheatre

A natural sanctuary for many wildlife species, the Ngorongoro crater is a spectacular fallout from the eruption of one of the world’s tallest volcanoes.
What & Where?
Ngorongoro is the remnant of a volcano that blew apart, leaving a flat plain area surrounded by steep walls. The Ngorongoro volcano, before it exploded and collapsed 2 millions years ago, was one of the world's tallest mountains. The crater is located on the eastern edge of the Serengeti in northern Tanzania. It measures about 20 km (12 miles) across and the encircling rim is 600 m. (2,000 ft.) above the crater floor, and covers an area of 260 sq. km.

Why?
Ngorongoro Crater is the world’s largest unbroken caldera and is truly breathtaking. Its magical setting and abundant wildlife never fail to enthrall visitors. The crater is a natural sanctuary for thousands of animals, including Tanzania’s last black rhinos, black-maned lions, cheetahs, hyenas, elephants, buffaloes, and leopards. The dominant feature of the crater floor is Lake Magadi, a shallow soda lake that supports large flocks of colourful flamingoes.

The Ngorongoro Conservation Area was inscribed in UNESCO's World Heritage List in 1979.

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