) is a small mammal ranging from about 32 to 50 cm (13 to 20 in) long, excluding the 13–18 cm tail, and weighs 0.9–1.8 kg. Sables are diurnal carnivores, using their sense of smell and hearing to hunt for small prey. They have been observed to hide in their dens for days during periods such as snow storms, or when they are being hunted by humans. In the wild they are potentially vicious
They are mostly terrestrial, hunting and constructing dens on the forest floor. They feed on chipmunks, squirrels, mice, small birds and fish. When primary sources are scarce they eat berries, vegetation, and pine nuts. The name sable appears to be Slavonic in origin.
The sable was previously hunted heavily for its fur and is now protected in some regions.