Southern Rift Montane Woodlands
About the Area
The endangered Mulanje cedar (Wilddringtonia whytei) is among the most well known plant species found in this ecoregion. Bird species include the Namuli apalis (Apalis lynesi), Cholo alethe (Alethe cholensis), and Sharpe's greenbul (Phyllastrephus alfredi). Also found here are reptiles such as Ngosi Volcano Chameleon (Chamaeleo fuelleborni), South African Stumptail Chameleon (Rhampholeon nchisiensis), and Eumecia johnstoni.
Much of the ecoregion was converted to tea plantations and other agricultural uses some time ago. For the most part, what remains of these forests has been protected since the 1920s. Conversion to agriculture, firewood collection, wild fires, and invasion by alien species are all real threats.
33,500 sq. km (13,000 sq. miles)
Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeastern Africa: Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Zambia
Can elephants be dangerous inhabitants to thickly forested areas?
Elephants can uproot trees to find food, behaviour that can thin out woodlands. Wooded areas can then become open grasslands with a few trees, which is suitable habitat for herbivores.