Found here are the Manchurian species such as the Amur tiger
, Amur leopard
, musk deer
), Manchurian red deer (Cervus elaphus xanthopygos
), and the Himalayan bears. The coexistence of both brown bears
) and Asiatic black bears
) illustrate the overlap of boreal and temperate Asian habitats.
Rare bird species include the Chinese merganser
), Mandarin duck
), Siberian spruce grouse (Falcipennis falcipennis
), and the Blakiston's fish owl (Ketupa blakistoni
Biodiversity is high for South Sakhalin-Kurile mixed forests comprising 1,380 species of vascular plants
, 153 species of birds, and 31 species of mammals. The flora consists of at least in 556 genera and 135 families; at least 14 species are thought to be endemic. About 3,000 species of insects have been recorded here as well as 48 species of freshwater fish.