Rann of Kutch Flooded Grasslands | WWF

Rann of Kutch Flooded Grasslands

About the Area

These seasonally flooded salt marshes represent the only flooded grasslands in the Indo-Malayan realm.
Expanses of mangroves and desert vegetation comprise portions of this ecoregion.

Together these habitats support a number of threatened mammals and a rich diversity of birds, including many migrants.

Local Species
Some of the endemic and endangered plant species include Tamarix kutchensis, Ziziphus williamsii, and Cyperus dwarkensis.

Among the threatened mammals present within the ecoregion are - Leopard (Panthera pardus), Asiatic wild ass (Equus hemionus), Striped hyena, Chousingha (Tetracerus quadricornis), and Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra).

Bird species include the Greater flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber), Lesser flamingo (P. minor), Indian courser (Cursorius coromandelicus), Red-wattled lapwing (Vanellus indicus), Sarus crane (Grus antigone), Common crane (Grus grus), White stork (Ciconia ciconia), and the Asian open bill stork (Anastomus oscitans).

Despite the fact that areas in the Rann of Kutch remain largely intact, it is considered vulnerable to development activities such as construction and water diversion projects. Large portions of the Indus Delta have been destroyed as a result of logging for fuel wood and fodder, and grazing.


28,000 sq. km (11,000 sq. miles)

Habitat type:
Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Geographic Location:
Southern Asia: India and Pakistan

Conservation Status:

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