The Philippine crocodile is a relatively small species - males generally do not grow larger than 3 metres, with females being smaller. Has a relatively broad snout for a crocodile, and heavy dorsal armour. Mainly restricted to freshwater areas - e.g. small lakes and ponds, small riverine tributaries and marshes.
The diet is mainly aquatic invertebrates and small vertebrates. This species constructs a relatively small (around 1.5 m wide x 0.5 m tall) mound nest, into which the female deposits between 7 and 20 eggs. Incubation time is approximately 85 days. The female exhibits parental care.