Northern Andean Paramo
About the Area
Paramo plants and animals display remarkable adaptations to the cold and dry conditions of high elevations. Many species are restricted to these habitats and this results in high local endemism, particularly on more isolated peaks.
Selected species include Mountain tapir (Tapirus pinchaque), Spectacled bear (Tremarctos ornatus), Frailejon (Espeletia spp.), and Tyrian metaltail hummingbird (Metallura tyrianthina).
Frequent burning, grazing, development of forest plantations, and conversion of habitats for agriculture, threaten Paramo formations in some areas.
46,000 sq. km (18,000 sq. miles)
Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northwestern South America: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela
How is the flight of Andean condor different from other birds?
With a wingspan of 11 feet, the majestic Andean condor can soar with hardly a flap of its wings, moving across the landscape at speeds of up to 34 miles per hour. To stay aloft, the condor searches out rising currents of air called thermals.