New Caledonia Moist Forests
About the Area
Because the island is separated from Australia by a wide stretch of ocean, these species haven't spread to other areas but have evolved in isolation over millions of years.
There is a high degree of endemism in arthropods, reptiles, birds, and plants including the Kagu (Rhynochetus jubata) - the sole member of an endemic bird family, two species of giant gecko, as well as the unique plants Araucaria rulei and Dacyridium guillauminii.
The flora is incredibly rich, supporting a diverse array of conifers: araucariads and podocarps. Angiosperms include a number of endemic families, such as Amborella, Canacomyrica, Paracryphia, and Strasburgeria.
The major threats are clearing of native habitats, fire, over-exploitation of some species, introduced species, mining, agriculture, and livestock grazing.
14,600 sq. km (5,600 sq. miles)
Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
New Caledonia island, to the northeast of Australia
Which notable species are now extinct from these forests?
Two interesting reptiles once lived on New Caledonia - a terrestrial crocodile that ate land snails and a giant tortoise with two horns on its head. Scientists believe these reptiles were hunted to extinction after people arrived on the islands.