The Basra reed warbler is a large, dark brown and white reed-warbler. Its size is about 18cm. The head pattern is strong with whitish supercilium and contrasting dark eyestripe. The Basra reed warbler breeds in the Mesopotamian marshes of south-east Iraq.
The Basra reed warbler is found in aquatic vegetation in or around shallow fresh or brackish water, still or flowing, mostly in large, dense reedbeds. It is found in thickets and bushland on migration and when wintering. It occurs mostly singly or in pairs, but during migration it has been recorded in loose groups.
It was listed as endangered on the 2004 IUCN Red List, due to an 80% decrease in the species' breeding population - largely a consequence of the draining of the Mesopotamian marshes by former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein. Efforts are now underway to restore habitat vital to the future conservation of the species.