Kinabalu Montane Scrub
About the Area
The upper slopes harbour tree-like species of Rhododendron (Rhododendron buxifolium), Heath rhododendron (Rhododendron ericoides), in addition to orchids (family Orchidaceae), pitcher plants (Nepenthes spp.), ferns, mosses, and figs.
Just a few of the characteristic mammals are Mountain treeshrew (Tupaia montana), Grizzled leaf monkey (Presbytis comata), Sunda otter-civet (Cynogale bennettii), Whitehead's pygmy squirrel (Exilisciurus whiteheadi), and the large Pencil-tailed tree mouse (Chiropodomys major).
Among the numerous endemic birds are Mountain serpent eagle (Spilornis kinabaluensis), Red-breasted partridge (Arborophila hyperythra), and Black-sided flowerpecker (Dicaeum monticolum).
Threats include tourism, illegal collecting of rare plants, commercial logging, encroachment, shifting cultivation especially in the lower elevation of western Kinabalu Park, and degazettement of part of Kinabalu Park for mining and golf course development.
4,300 sq. km (1,700 sq. miles)
Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeast Asia: northeastern Borneo, in the Malaysian state of Sabah
Is it true that humans descended from Orangutans?
Believe it or not, we have a lot in common with the orangutans of Borneo: nearly 97 percent of our genes, to be exact! The fact that so many of human and orangutan genes are identical makes our bodies work in many of the same ways. But there are big differences, too. For starters, orangutans give birth only once every eight years.