Greater Sundas Mangroves
About the Area
Recent surveys have revealed the tremendous importance of this region for some of the world's rarest waterbirds, and like all mangroves they are important nursing grounds for several species of fish and shrimp.
Little affected by large-scale forest exploitation until 1975, these mangroves are now the most threatened forests in the archipelago. Sumatra has extensive mangroves along the eastern coast, but the island continues to lose its natural vegetation faster than any other region in Indonesia. Kalimantan's mangroves are somewhat more intact, but are also threatened by agriculture, development, and human settlement.
Nipa palm (Nypa fruticans), Common redshank (Tringa totanus), Irrawaddy dolphin (Orcaella brevirostris), Saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus), False gharial (Tomistoma schlegeli), Spot-billed pelican (Pelecanus philippensis), Stork-billed kingfisher (Pelargopsis capensis), and several other species of reptiles, amphibians and fishes call this ecoregion home.
Agriculture, shrimp ponds, brackish water fishponds (tambak), salt ponds, human settlement, and illegal logging all pose threats to the ecoregion. Poaching and illegal trade threaten the existence of many local species especially saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus).
37,000 sq. km (15,000 sq. miles)
Southeast Asia: Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei