Fenno-Scandia Alpine Tundra & Taiga
About the Area
Widespread species include the Lynx (Lynx lynx), Red fox (Vulpes vulpes), Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), Bear (Ursus arctos), and Muskox (Ovibos moschatus). Amongst the birds found here are the Golden plover (Pluvialis apricaria), Lapland bunting (Calcarius lapponicus), Common scoter (Melanitta nigra), and Rough-legged buzzard (Buteo lagopus).
Representative plants include Rhododendron lapponicum, Lotus corniculatus, Gentiana purpurea, Papaver radicatum, Artemisia norvegica and the Northern beech fern (Dryopteris phegopteris). Many of the lakes support plentiful populations of the Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus).
Petroleum development, overgrazing, logging and tourism all have negative effects in this ecoregion. Radioactive fallout from Chernobyl is still found in lichens and continues to harm wildlife and people.
Additonally, climate change could increasingly threaten the integrity of habitats. On the positive side - the ecoregion includes a large number of protected areas that are linked across international boundaries and the inaccessibility offers additional protection to rare plants and larger predators.
302,000 sq. km (117,000 sq. miles)
Northern Europe: Finland, Norway, Russia, and Sweden
Apart from hunting for pelts, what is the new poaching threat to the endanged Snow leopard?
Bone trading - As tiger bone becomes scarcer, Asian medicine markets are turning to substitutes, with reports that one full snow leopard skeleton was sold for US$10,000.