About the Area
Endemic species include the rarest canid in the world - Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis), Walia ibex (Capra walie), Mountain nyala (Tragelaphus buxtoni), and the Giant root rat (Tachyoryctes macrocephalus).
Among the species endemic to the ecoregion are amphibians such as Grassland forest treefrog (Leptopelis yaldeni), Bale Mountains frog (Ericabatrachus baleensis), and Osgood's Ethiopian toad (Spinophrynoides osgoodi).
Birds with limited distributions include Ankober serin (Serinus ankoberensis) and White-winged flufftail (Sarothrura ayresi).
Ethiopia's highlands are among the most densely populated agricultural areas in Africa. Expanding agriculture, shifting cultivation, fires, and overgrazing are major threats to the biological diversity of these ecosystems.
270,500 sq. km (104,000 sq. miles)
Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northeastern Africa, covering sections of Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Sudan
How many endemic species are found in the Ethiopian Highlands?
There are at least 30 bird species, 20 mammals, 13 amphibians, and many plants that can be found only in this region. The highlands also contain a unique mixture of Palearctic and Afrotropical species.