Eastern Himalayan Alpine Meadows
About the Area
In addition to numerous species of dwarf Rhododendron, two threatened plants - Lactuca cooperi and Juncus sikkimensis, grow only in these meadows.
In eastern Nepal, Rhododendron nivale, an aromatic species with miniscule leaves, grows to elevations of 5,000m. Ground orchids are an important part of the flora, and many of these are collected as medicinal species.
Mammals of the region include the snow leopard (Panthera pardus), the endemic red goral (Naemorhedusbaileyi), the endemic squirrel (Petauristasp.), wolf (Canis lupis), dhole or Asiatic wild dog (Cuon alpinus), Himalayan black bear (Ursus thibetanus), and Red panda (Ailurus fulgens).
Among the numerous birds found in this ecoregion are the Yellow-backed sunbird (Aethopyga nipalensis), Redheaded trogon (Harpactes erythrocephalus), Himalayan Quail (Ophrysia superciliosa), and the Impeyan Pheasant (Lophophorus impejanus).
Population growth has brought about livestock grazing, hunting of predators such as the wolf and snow leopard, medicinal plant collection, developmental activities like energy-harnessing dams on regional waterways, air and water pollution. Activities related to mountain tourism like trekking and the cutting of slow-growing shrubs for firewood has also had negative effects.
121,000 sq. km (47,000 sq. miles)
Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
South-Central Eurasia, stretching through parts of Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, and Nepal
What do you know about the food habits of Wolf?
Wolves have a wide ranging diet and will eat anything from small rodents to large ungulates. Their preference is for animals such as deer but at certain times of year they will even eat berries.