East African Moorlands
About the Area
Plant species include Giant groundsels (Dendro senecio) and Lobelias (Lobelia). Bird species include several members of the Afromontane sunbirds; among these are Stuhlmann's double-collared sunbird (Nectarinia stuhlmanni), Regal sunbird (Nectarinia regia), and Rockefeller's sunbird (Nectarinia rockefelleri).
Other bird species here include handsome Francolin (Francolinus nobilis), Archer's robin-chat (Cossypha archeri), and Stripe-breasted tit (Parus fasciiventer).
Fire, grazing, and agriculture threaten this ecoregion.
6,000 sq. km (2,300 sq. miles)
Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Africa: DRC, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda
How have the plant species adapted themselves to the local climate?
Species have developed special adaptations to protect against solar radiation and freezing night temperatures of this ecoregion. Like many plants have thick and woolly leaves that close up at night to insulate the stem and buds of the plant from the cold. Some mosses form moss balls that ride on top of the soil as its freezes and thaws. Another plant is the cushion plant, which has stunted growth because of ultraviolet light and cold temperatures.