Palm species include Macanilla (Bactris setulosa
), and the narrowly distributed Palmito (Asterogyne spicata
). Bird species include the endemic and threatened helmeted curassow (Pauxi pauxi
), the endemic black-throated spinetail (Synallaxis castanea
), and the fulvous-headed tanager (Thlypopsis fulviceps
). Brilliantly colored hummingbirds called táchira emeralds also zip through these forests, feeding mostly on the nectar of flowers.
Neo arctic migrants include Chestnut-sided warbler
), and Golden-winged warbler (Vermivora chrysoptera
). Mammals include wedge-capped or weeping capuchin monkey
), oncilla (Leopardus tigrinus
), and red-tailed squirrel (Sciurus granatensis
At least 21 species of frogs and 11 species of reptiles are recognized to be endemic to this region.