Cerrado Woodlands & Savannas
About the Area
Many species of plants here are endemic, and several are adapted to the high aluminum content of the soils. The ecoregion includes one of the most diverse and intact tropical grasslands on the planet.
Found here are the maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus), giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla), and the pampas cat (Oncefelis colocolo). Bird species include the rhea (Rhea americana), red-legged seriema (Cariama cristata), and the critically endangered and endemic Spix's macaw (Cyanopsitta spixii) - because of a long history of habitat loss and capture for pet trade, its entire wild population has been reduced, at last count, to a single male.
13 additional endemics, including white-striped warbler (Basileuterus leucophrys), cone-billed tanager (Nesospingus speculiferus), and the dwarf tinamou (Taoniscus nanus) call this ecoregion home.
Agricultural expansion (including frequent burning and charcoal production), degradation as a result of development, and water projects pose major threats to the Cerrado. Grazing of cattle, which destroys native grassland habitats, is also problematic.
190,000 sq km (74,000 sq miles)
Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern South America: southeast of the Amazon Basin, Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay