Canadian Low Arctic Tundra
About the Area
Most of the ecoregion is characterised by a continuous cover of shrubby tundra vegetation. Tundra-forest transitional areas include Black spruce (Picea mariana), White spruce (P. glauca), Tamarack (Larix laricina), Dwarf birch (Betula sp.), Willow (Salix spp.), heath species, and many lichen species. Barren-ground caribou (Rangifer tarandus), Grizzly bears (Ursus arctos), Polar bear (Ursus maritimus) , Arctic fox (Alopex lagopus), Moose (Alces alces), Arctic ground squirrel (Spermophilus parryii), River otters (Lontra canadensis), Least weasels (Mustela nivalis), and Brown lemming (Lemmus trimucronatus) are other mammals typically found in this ecoregion.
Bird species characteristic of the area include Snowy owls (Nyctea scandiaca), Rock Ptarmigan (Lagopus mutus), Red-necked phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus), and Hoary redpoll (Carduelis hornemanni).
Tourism, oil and gas exploration, and pollution are threats to the biodiversity in this ecoregion.
796,500 sq. km (307,500 sq. miles)
Northern North America: Canada