About the Area
The region supports huge seabird populations, including nearly 2 million murres and auklets, and is home to one of the largest salmon runs in the world. There are also extensive kelp forests and eelgrass beds in coastal lagoons.
Between Pacific and Arctic Oceans
The strait is used by 14 species of marine mammals, such as the endangered Bowhead (Balaena mysticetus), several species of Seals (Family, Phocidae), Sea lions (Family, Otariidae), and the Pacific walrus (Odobenus rosmarus).
Salmonids include Sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka), Chinook (O. tshawytscha), Steelhead (O. mykiss), and Chum (O. keta). Other characteristic species include the Red king crab (Paralithodes camtschatica) and Yellowfin sole (Limanda aspera).
An incredible diversity of whales swim here, including bowhead whales, Sei whales, Dall's porpoise, and sperm whales.
Over fishing, global warming, coastal mining, and pollution from shipping are the major threats to the region.