Banda-Flores Sea

About the Area

The diverse and complex coral reefs and marine ecosystems of Papua New Guinea and the Moluccas support numerous endemic species of coral, fish and invertebrates, as well as populations of marine turtles, dugongs, and giant clams.
Spectacular coral reefs of all shapes, colors, and sizes grow in the clear water with some reefs growing as tall as 400 feet (120 m). The reefs and lagoon complexes also contain seabird rookery islands.

Local Species
Just a few of the numerous fishes present here are Carpet shark (Eucrossorhinus dasypogon), Catshark (Hemiscyllium ocellatum), Big grouper (Epinephelus sp.), and Moray eel (Gymnothorax flavomarginatus).

These habitats also support Dugongs (Dugong dugon), Blainville's beaked whales (Mesaplodon densirostris), Hawksbill sea turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata), Green sea turtles (Chelonias mydas), and Leatherback sea turtles (Dermochelys coriacea).

Threats
Dynamite fishing, shark fin fisheries, deforestation, uncontrolled tourism, oil spills, sewage pollution, and toxins and erosion from logging and mining pose threats to the region.

Resources
Size:
N/A

Habitat type:
Tropical Coral

Geographic Location:
Central Indo-Pacific

Conservation Status:
Vulnerable

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