About the Area
The Atacama-Sechura Deserts ecoregion has distinctive desert plants, particularly ferns, cone-bearing plants, cacti, and flowering plants that survive by absorbing moisture from fog and dew.
Recently discovered rare and endemic plant species include members of the Copiapoa genus, Griselinia carlomunozii, and Tillandsia tragophoba. Guanaco (Lama guanicoe) and Sea lions (Otaria byronia) are some of the characteristic mammals.
Birds include three endemic finches: Slender-billed finch (Xenospingus concolor), Great Inca-finch (Incaspiza pulchra), and Raimondi's yellow-finch (Sicalis raimondi), and the endemic Pied-crested tit-tyrant (Anairetes reguloides).
Urbanisation, mining, pollution, road construction, livestock grazing, fuelwood collection, commercial plant collection, and erosion constitute the major threats to this ecoregion.
290,000 sq. km (112,000 sq. miles)
Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pacific Coast of South America: Chile and Peru