Biodiversity is a contraction of “biological diversity. “ Biodiversity reflects the number, variety and variability of living organisms.
Biological Resources: Those components of biodiversity of direct, indirect, or potential use to humanity.
Biome: A major portion of the living environment of a particular region characterized by its distinctive vegetation and maintained by local climatic conditions
Cultural diversity: Variety of human social structures, belief systems, and strategies for adapting to situations in different parts of the world.
Ecosystem: A dynamic complex of plant, animal and micro-organism communities and their non-living environment interacting as a functional unit.
Endemic: restricted to a particular area: used to describe a species or organism that is confined to a particular geographical region, for example, an island or river basin.
Habitat: the place or type of site where an organism or population naturally occurs.
Invasive alien species: are those that occur outside their natural range and threaten the existence of native plants and animals.