Although pikas resemble hamsters, they comprise their own family and are most closely related to rabbits. Across the world, 14-26 species of pikas occupy steppes and mountainous terrain in eastern Asia, the Middle East, and North America.
With the exception of 4 species, all species of Pikas primarily live in talus or broken rock. In North America, there are 2 species of pikas that both live only in talus or broken rock. American pikas (Ochotona princeps) live in cool, moist areas - often at higher elevations.