- Wikipedia contributors. "Paraná River". 13 Jul. 2005. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paran%C3%A1_River (14 Jul. 2007).
- King, Michael. "Parana River Delta in Argentina". 2000. NASA Earth Observatory. http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Newsroom/NewImages/images.php3 (15 Jun. 2007).
The Paraná along with its tributaries creates a massive watershed that spreads throughout much of the south central part of the continent, essentially encompassing all of Paraguay, much of southern Brazil, northern Argentina, and even reaching into Bolivia.
The Parana River delta is a huge forested marshland about 32 kilometres northeast of Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Much of the length of the Paraná is navigable and is used as an important waterway linking inland cities in Argentina and Paraguay to the ocean, providing deep water ports in many of these cities.
The construction of massive hydroelectric dams along the river's length has blocked its use as a shipping corridor to cities further upstream, but the economic impact of those dams is considered to offset this.
some fish species (such as the surubí and the sábalo) are commercially important and exploited for massive internal consumption or for export.
More than 90 percent of the energy used by Brazil comes from hydropower, the greater part of which is generated by dams on the Paraná River and its tributaries.1
The Itaipu Dam, on the Paraná River, is the largest in the world and flooded approximately 100,000 ha of land, and destroyed significant aquatic habitat including the Guaíra Falls.
Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina
over 100 million
The only species of lungfish found in the Neotropics - Lepidosiren paradoxa, inhabits these waters. Two well-known piranha species, Serrasalmus spilopleura and S. marginatus, occur here as well.
Fisheries, shipping, hydropower