How great would it be if the teachers debated on the advantages obtained by Borneo Island with the ever increasing demand for Palm oil?
Several groups of teachers began to form and were divided into two major groups and each groups delivered ideas to defend their opinions. They shared their opinions and experiences with the palm oil plantation around them. However, both groups persisted in their opinion.
The discussion was a part of learning methods in education training for sustainable development (Education for Sustainable Development - ESD) implemented by WWF Indonesia on 13 Feb 2014 in Nunukan District in collaboration with Education Department of Nunukan District and Regional Environmental Agency (BLHD). The trainees were 24 teachers, who were school representatives started from elementary, junior and senior high school in Nunukan. The training method was emphasized on practices/simulation method of learning that might be implemented by the teachers to the learners in learning process at school. Some methods also that were used in this training: 1. creating a story with stringing the relationship between social conditions/societal, economic, and environment; 2.metaphora works with thinking systems; 3. interdisciplinary thinking; and 4. learning outside the classroom.
Besides that, the participants were also delivered the materials about environmental preservation, Heart of Borneo (HoB) program, ecological footprints, and the concepts of education for sustainable development. In the last day, the teachers were asked to put together issues related to social economic, the environmental which was in Nunukan District, and then those issues were discussed by using mind mapping method. The discussions related to those issues try to be integrated into the curriculum syllabus 2013, even for basic levels of education (Elementary and junior high school) and secondary (senior high school).
Since 2008, WWF Indonesia has developed ESD at the Heart of Borneo (HoB) in District of Kapuas Hulu, Sintang and Melawi in West Kalimantan; District of Katingan, Murung Raya, Barito Utara, Gunung Mas were in Central Kalimantan; District of Kutai Barat in East Kalimantan; and the last was District of Malinau in North Kalimantan. Varieties of training activities, mentoring, as well as through the approach in implementing ESD in the region, has resulted in changes to positive point of view, the enrichment learning methods, as well as repair and setup the conditions for a better learning environment. ESD coming into Indonesia with the general concept, it should be translated with consideration of local elements, which were rooted in cultural diversity Indonesia who also had roots in sustainable development, including potential and natural resources management and the local environment.
In opening remarks the head of Nunukan District, Education Department delivered by the Head of Primary Education, Nurdin Sade said that environmental aspects were very important in the process to establish a character so that learners are sensitive and caring for the environment, economic and social. “The most important thing is formation of character, because the future issues that we will deal with is the issue of environmental damage. And this is also one of the Government's issue for the future,” he added.
On the last day (February 13th, 2014) the participants submitted their commitments to implement the learning methods used during training and implement the concept of education for sustainable development in their schools. But they also hoped that the process of training not just only once but can be followed by advanced training with a focus on local issues to integrate into the curriculum syllabus 2013 as well as mentoring for schools in Nunukan District.
Besides Nunukan Distric, ESD also carried out activities in several other districts that are located on HoB. In Kutai Barat District, East Kalimantan held a Workshop “House of Learning and Borneo Library” which included activities of a). library management, b). the introduction and operation of the website, c). writing and photography training. The house of learning concept was intended to serve as a place of learning for students, and also it should be beneficial for the community around it. The main purpose of this house of learning also was to build active community participation to its full potential in the education and the preservation of the environment. It also conducted an evaluation of the ESD program in schools assisted by WWF-Indonesia, were in 006 Long Iram Junior High School, 01 Barong Tongkok Junior High School and also 010 Jambuk Makmur Junior High School.
The other event was in Melawi District on 18th – 21st February 2014, the ESD team held a Workshop of “Green Enterpreneurship” which aimed to introduce the steps environmentally friendly entrepreneurship to teachers so they could deliver the informations to their students.