Posted on 19 June 2009
Montoya-Greenheck, F. 2009. Environmental Conservation and Sustainable Livelihoods. An anthropological approach toward community-based custody and valuation of local resources in the context of marine turtle conservation in Costa Rica. Progress report 2007-2008 of the Community Livelihood Improvement Program (CLIP) to WWF Marine and Species Program for Latin America and the Caribbean. WWF, San José, Costa Rica.
This project aimed to put to test a proposal to link marine turtle conservation with coastal community development as laid out in “Livelihoods, Community Well-Being, and Species Conservation” by Montoya and Drews (2006).
By employing a participatory action research methodology that drew upon the Community Capitals and the Fundamental Human Needs frameworks in Playa Junquillal, one of the most important nesting sites on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica of the critically endangered leatherback turtles (Dermochelys coriacea), we hoped to help establish the conditions that would permit the development of a Community Livelihood Improvement Program (CLIP) leading to sustained marine turtle protection and improved community well-being as initiatives in the hands of the local community. In a much less linear, more chaotic and more organic fashion, the diverse products of our project began to show signs of being incorporated into a community livelihood improvement “process” rather than the more rigidly conceived “program”.