Report: Hanging in the Balance - An Assessment of Trade in Orang-utans and Gibbons on Kalimantan, Indonesia

Posted on 08 September 2006    
Borneo is the third largest island in the world and, within the Indo-Malayan region, supports the largest remaining expanse of lowland evergreen rainforest, one of the most biodiverse ecosystems in the world.

Most of this forest remains in the four Indonesian provinces of West, Central, South and East Kalimantan with about 50% of the land surface still under forest. However, commercial timber extraction, small-scale logging (legal and illegal), conversion, and forest fires – along with the concurrent increase in access to formerly remote areas – are increasingly threatening the integrity of the remaining forest, thus putting the survival of its inhabitants at stake.

Kalimantan is an important source area for the trade in gibbons and orang-utans, and as part of a larger assessment it was considered imperative to gain a greater insight into the severity of the trade in these primates, as well as how the Indonesian authorities and (inter)national Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) try to curb this trade.

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