Peruvian mahi mahi fishery characterization and analysis of the supply chain | WWF

Peruvian mahi mahi fishery characterization and analysis of the supply chain

Posted on
30 May 2017
The mahi mahi (Coryphaena hippurus) is an opportunistic, broad-spread, highfertility predator characterized by its fast growth and maturity cycle (Palko et al., 1982; Oxenford et al., 1999; SolanoSare et al. Al., 2008, FAO, 2015). Between 2010 and 2014, Peru has maintained annual landings that correspond to 50% of the worldwide total (FAO, 2017). In 2016, national exports amounted to 82 million dollars FOB, with the United States buying more than 80% (SUNAT, 2017). Although the mahi mahi fishery is of utmost importance, it does not have a Fishery Regulation, but it does have some management measures. However, such regulations are not enough to guarantee a long-term sustainability.

Between January and April 2015, the links of the supply chain of the mahi mahi fishery and their interactions were characterized and analyzed using secondary information and primary information, through surveys to the main stakeholders in the fishery sector. In that sense, it was concluded that the traceability is deficient. In the domestic market there are no benefits for fishermen who work formally, sustainably and with adequate sanitary measures. On the other hand, in the international market we found that the value of the Peruvian mahi mahi is below compared to the one exported by other countries, due to health aspects and inadequate technical characteristics. It is very important to improve fisheries management, to generate economic incentives for formalization, to curb the increase in excessive fishing effort, to improve the monitoring, control and inspection processes to guarantee sustainability, traceability and quality, as well as the economic development of the stakeholders involved in the supply chain.