The challenge is to be smarter about how we produce and what we buy and sell.
The effect on biodiversity is, however, not just linked to global demand, but also to where and how companies and their supply chains obtain and process these vital commodities.
...are critical environmental challenges linked to the production and consumption of basic commodities that are both renewable (e.g. timber, crops, livestock and fish) and non-renewable (e.g. minerals, oil and gas).
For example deforestation in the Amazon is closely linked to expanding livestock and soy production, and Asia's Coral Triangle is under threat from over-fishing and rising sea temperatures.
Promoting market change
WWF focuses its efforts on commodities and sectors that most impact the planet's critical regions for biodiversity conservation and those that contribute to humanity’s footprint.
- Forests (timber, pulp and paper)
- Fisheries (whitefish, tuna)
- Aquaculture (salmon, and shrimp)
- Agriculture (soy, cotton, palm oil, sugarcane, and livestock (beef and dairy)
- Bio-energy (produced from agriculture and forestry)
- Developing new market standards, promote Better Management Practices (BMP), and increase the supply of certified products through Multi-Stakeholder Engagements such as Roundtables and Dialogues that involve businesses, trade and industry as well as producers and other NGOs;
- Establishin Company Partnerships to improve the sustainability of supply chains and promote sector-wide action in this field;
- Promoting sustainable Commodity Investment with the financial sector.
Sustainable wood, sustainable seafood
Products carrying the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) label assure consumers that fish and other seafood products come from, and can be traced back to sustainable fisheries.